Orchiectomy is a surgery to remove one or both testicles.
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An orchiectomy may be done to treat: Prostate cancer
that has spread
Testicular cancerTesticular torsion—twisting of the spermatic cord that cuts off the blood supply
It can also be a diagnostic procedure to determine if cancer is present when a mass is found during
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like: Nerve injury or damage to surrounding tissue or structuresBleedingInfectionReaction to anesthesia
Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as: SmokingDrinking
Chronic disease such as diabetes or
Your doctor and anesthesiologist may do the following: A physical examImaging, blood, and urine testsTalk about anesthesia and the potential risks
Talk to the doctor about your medications. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to 1 week before the procedure.
Other things to keep in mind before the procedure: Arrange for a ride home from the hospital.In most cases, you will need to avoid eating and drinking for 6-8 hours before the procedure. Ask your doctor when you should stop eating and drinking.
The procedure is done under
. You will be asleep or sedated. Anesthesia will block any pain during the surgery.
You will be prepared for surgery. The genital area will be shaved and sterilized.
Once you are asleep, the doctor will make a small incision in the groin area or in the scrotum. The testicle is pulled up from the scrotal sac. The cord that connects the testicle to the scrotum is clamped and sutured. The testicle is removed. Absorbable stitches will be used to close all incision areas.
A prosthetic testicle is sometimes placed into the scrotum. This can be done at the time of the surgery or at a later date.
About 1 hour per testicle
Anesthesia will prevent pain during surgery. Pain and discomfort after the procedure can be managed with medications.
The staff may provide the following care to make you more comfortable and help your recovery: Pain medications and IV fluidsIce pack and other scrotal support
You will be able to leave when the anesthesia has worn off and you can walk.
During your stay, the hospital staff will take steps to reduce your chance of infection such as: Washing their handsWearing gloves or masksKeeping your incisions covered
There are also steps you can take to reduce your chances of infection such as: Washing your hands often and reminding visitors and healthcare providers to do the sameReminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masksNot allowing others to touch your incisions
When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery: Walking and light activity is important. Avoid strenuous activities and heavy lifting for a few weeks.Swelling and soreness is normal. Use ice packs as advised. Your doctor may recommend that you wear snug-fitting underwear and a jock strap for the first few days.Ask your doctor when you can resume sexual activity. Follow incision care instructions to avoid infection.
It is important to monitor your recovery. Alert your doctor to any problems. If any of the following occur, call your doctor: Increasing pain, discharge, redness, or swelling at the incision sitePus or odor from the incision siteA lot of bleedingStitches loosen or fall outSigns of infection, including fever and chills
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
Orchiectomy surgery. St. Joseph’s Healthcare Hamilton website. Available at:
http://www.stjoes.ca/patients-visitors/patient-education/patient-education-k-o. Accessed November 18, 2015.
Testicular cancer treatments: the inguinal orchiectomy. Testicular Cancer Resource Center website. Available at:
http://tcrc.acor.org/orch.html. Updated December 9, 2012. Accessed November 18, 2015.
6/6/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Mills E, Eyawo O, et al. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Am J Med.
Last reviewed November 2015 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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