Loop electrosurgical excision procedure
(LEEP) uses a thin wire loop to precisely cut out areas of the cervix. The cervix is a neck-like structure that connects the vagina and uterus. LEEP is done to remove abnormal cervical cells.
LEEP is often done after abnormal
cells have been found on the cervix. These abnormal cells are often found on a
. If the cells found on a Pap test show
(abnormal cells) or cancer cells, a LEEP may be done.
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like: BleedingAbdominal crampingInfection
Future pregnancy problems (small increased risk of
and having a low birth weight baby)
Narrowing of the cervix (rare)Incomplete removal of the abnormal tissueAccidental cutting or burning of normal tissue
Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as: SmokingDrinkingChronic disease, such as diabetes or obesity
The following may also increase the risk of complications: Menstruation at the time of the procedure—It is best to have LEEP done when you do not have your period.
pelvic inflammatory diseaseInflammation of the cervixPregnancy or possible pregnancy
Talk to your doctor about your medications. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to 1 week before the procedure.
The day of the procedure: If your doctor will be giving you a sedative, arrange for someone to drive you home from the clinic.If directed by your doctor, take a pain reliever before the LEEP.Bring sanitary napkins to use after the procedure.
Local anesthesia is often used for a LEEP. This will keep you from feeling pain during the procedure. You will be awake during the procedure. The anesthesia may be applied with a lotion or injected into the area.
You will lie on your back on a table with your feet up in footrests. A speculum will be inserted into your vagina. This tool will separate the vaginal walls. This will allow the cervix to be viewed. Anesthesia will be applied to the cervix to numb the area.
A solution will be applied to the cervical area. The solution will show the abnormal area that needs to be removed. A thin wire will be inserted into the vagina toward the cervix. You will hear a vacuum-like noise. You may also hear a humming noise. The thin wire loop is like a surgical knife. The abnormal tissue will be removed. You will need to stay still. The area will be cauterized. This process heats the blood vessels to stop bleeding. A paste may also be applied to stop bleeding.
LEEP only takes a few minutes.
You may feel cramping during LEEP. You should not feel any sharp pain.
Your blood pressure and heart rate will be checked.
During your stay, the care center staff will take steps to reduce your chance of infection such as: Washing their handsWearing gloves or masks
There are also steps you can take to reduce your chances of infection such as: Washing your hands often and reminding visitors and healthcare providers to do the sameReminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masks
After the procedure, you may have: Dark brown-black vaginal discharge for several daysMild crampingWatery pink discharge
When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery: Rest when you get home.Frequently change the sanitary pad.Take pain medication as directed.
It will take a few weeks for your cervix to heal. For 4 weeks:
Do not use tampons or douches.Refrain from sexual intercourse.Do not do any heavy lifting.It is okay for you take baths and showers.If advised by your doctor, have a Pap test and pelvic exam every 6 months.
After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs: Heavy bleeding (more than your normal period)Bleeding with clotsSevere abdominal painFever or chillsUnusual odor or discharge
If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Management of abnormal cervical cytology and histology.
Emam M, Elnasar A, Shalen H, Barakat R. Evaluation of a sinfle-step diagnosis and treatment of premalignant cervical lesions by LEEP.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009;107(3):224-7.
Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP). The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at:
http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Loop-Electrosurgical-Excision-Procedure-LEEP. Updated July 2014. Accessed October 7, 2015.
Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP). American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology website. Available at:
http://www.asccp.org/Education/COURSES-Comprehensive-Colposcopy-HRA-Advanced-and-more/Loop-Electrosurgical-Excision-Procedure-LEEP. Accessed October 7, 2015.
Noehr B, Jensen A, Kjaer SK. Depth of cervical cone removal by loop electrosurgical excision procedure and subsequent risk of preterm delivery.
Obstet Gynecol. 2009;114(6):1232-8.
Last reviewed September 2016 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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