The biophysical profile combines
as an assessment of the physical health of the fetus. The ultrasound creates images of the fetus and the uterus. A nonstress test monitors the heartbeat of the fetus.
These tests are done late in pregnancy as the fetus matures. The following information is evaluated: The amount of amniotic fluid (ultrasound)Fetal breathing (ultrasound)Fetal body movement (ultrasound)Fetal muscle tone (ultrasound)Fetal heart rate in response to movement (nonstress test)
Each factor assessed in the biophysical profile is assigned a numerical score based on the findings. A total numerical score is determined. The score may be used by your doctor to determine if special care and certain adjustments are needed during your pregnancy and delivery.
Your doctor may recommend this test, as well as
other tests, if you have a medical condition that could put you at
risk for having problems with your pregnancy or there are problems with the fetus. Examples of
conditions that could put you and your baby at risk include: High blood pressure
Too much or too little amniotic fluidPoor growth of fetusReduced fetal movementsKidney diseaseCoronary artery diseasePost-term pregnancyMultiple pregnancy (2 or more fetuses)
BPP testing is safe and noninvasive. It is not known to cause any harm to you or your baby. Since it is generally advised for high-risk pregnancies, it may cause you stress and anxiety. Your doctor may suggest other tests to gather important information about the health of your fetus. A concerning test result often suggests that you need special care or may need to deliver earlier than planned. It does not necessarily mean that your fetus is in trouble.
Many factors can affect the reliability of a BPP test. A test may suggest a problem that actually does not exist. This called a false positive. A test may also miss an illness that actually does exist. This is called a false negative.
Your doctor will be able to answer questions and discuss any concerns you have about this form of monitoring.
Biophysical profile. American Pregnancy Association website. Available at:
http://americanpregnancy.org/prenatal-testing/biophysical-profile. Updated September 2, 2016. Accessed October 24, 2016.
Prenatal care and tests. Office on Women's Health website. Available at:
https://www.womenshealth.gov/pregnancy/you-are-pregnant/prenatal-care-tests.html. Updated September 27, 2010. Accessed October 24, 2016.
Last reviewed October 2016 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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